in Asian Cyberspace

Tesco’s billion-baht defamation suits threaten free speech in Thailand

TESCO Lotus, one of the biggest retailers in Thailand, has filed two staggering defamation cases against a Thai columnist and a former member of Parliament, sending a strong message to civil society and the press to tread carefully before criticizing the retailing giant in Thailand.

Tesco Lotus is suing columnist/academic Kamol Kamoltrakul and former Thai National Legislative Assembly (NLA) member Jit Siratranont for 100 million baht and one billion baht, respectively, after they criticized and questioned the aggressive expansion strategies of Tesco Lotus in Thailand.

Siratranont, currently the secretary general of the Thai Chamber of Commerce, was quoted by British newspaper “The Observer” as saying in a speech to 150 activists: “The large-scale expansion of the big retailers must be exercised with great care — not too aggressively and too rapidly — to reduce the potential tension, which could lead to serious conflict. There is also the need for the small retail traders to adjust to changes. Tesco Lotus must take all of this into account.”

Kamol was sued for an article published in the Thai-language “KrungThepTurakit” (BangkokBizNews), which expressed generally the same concerns about Tesco Lotus’ aggressiveness, and also what the columnist suggested was the retailing giant’s weak social responsibility in Thailand.

Both Siratranont and Kamol acknowledged erroneously saying that Tesco Lotus’ Thailand operations accounted for as much as 37 percent of the UK-based Tesco’s global revenue, but stressed that this did not detract from the main message of their concerns — concerns which, in any case, were of legitimate public interest in Thailand.

The Southeast Asian Press Alliance (SEAPA) strongly condemns the heavy-handed attempts of Tesco Lotus to intimidate its critics, and thereby sending a chilling message to civil society and members of the press. Civil defamation suits of this nature and of such absurd proportions are not really meant to win in court, but rather to intimidate independent media, harass legitimate criticism, and stifle discussions and debate over legitimate public concerns.

The expansion of foreign retailing chains in Thailand has long been a major political issue as it undercuts tens of thousands of small retailers across the country.

As demonstrated by Tesco Lotus — and in recent years by other civil and criminal defamation suits filed against journalists and activists by such Thai business giants as Shin Corporation — threats to press freedom come not only from government and political figures, but also from powerful lobbies
of private entities. SEAPA sees the Tesco Lotus suits as harassment, pure and simple, not only of consumer advocates and Thai civil society actors, but of journalists and commentators in general.

Issued by Roby Alampay, SEAPA executive director

The Southeast Asian Press Alliance (SEAPA) is a coalition of press freedom advocacy groups from Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand. Established in November 1998, the network aims to unite independent journalists and press-related organizations in the region into a force for the protection
and promotion of press freedom and free expression in Southeast Asia. SEAPA is composed of the Alliance of Independent Journalists (Indonesia), the Jakarta-based Institute for the Study of the Free Flow of Information (ISAI), the Manila-based Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility, the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism, and the Thai Journalists Association.

March 20, 2008 - Posted by | Free Expression in Asia


  1. It’s not just in Thailand that Tesco is employing extraordinarily aggressive bullying tactics against the media. It’s now unleashed an unprecedented libel action against the Guardian newspaper group in the UK which dared to look at its offshore tax arrangements. This trend should be very worrying for media organisations worldwide.

    Comment by John Adamson | April 7, 2008 | Reply

  2. it’s a nice site. keep on updating, i love to read much…

    Comment by putri-bali | December 24, 2008 | Reply

  3. Please understand there is another side to this. I am Thai and we are sick of wealthy people like Jit Siratranont believing they can do or say as they please simply because they are rich with powerful friends.

    It is about time these people were made to understand they cannot do whatever they please all the time.

    Unfortunately the only people who can make them realise this is someone even bigger than them, like a large corporation i.e. Tesco.

    Good luck to Tesco and well done I say. Maybe if they succeed the rich here will start to understand they cannot have everything their own way all the time.

    Comment by Wasana | May 12, 2009 | Reply

  4. Ju00e1, Pu00f3lverjar ku vera fju00f6lmennastir u00fatlendinga hu00e9r. u00deau00f0 er m.a.s. bu00faiu00f0 au00f0 opna pu00f3lska bu00fau00f0 u00ed Ha Click

    Comment by elfriededillon4109 | April 8, 2016 | Reply

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